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Commanding Justice

O you who believe, stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allāh[1], even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin.  Whether one is rich or poor, Allāh is a better Protector to both.  So follow not personal inclination, lest you not be just.  And if you distort your testimony or refuse to give it, then indeed Allāh is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Qur'ān, 4:135)
 
In the above verse God commands those who believe in Him to stand up for justice and fairness and not to deviate from this.  When required, testimony should be delivered precisely, thus making the testimony correct, just and free of alterations.  God commands us to speak the truth even if it be against our own selves, parents and kin, becuase the truth presides above everyone. 
 
The statement "be he rich or poor, Allāh is a better Protector to both" means do not favour someone in your testimony because they are rich, or feel pity for them because they are poor, because God is their caretaker; a better Protector of them than you and has better knowledge of what is good for them.

Similarly, God also stated:
O you who believe, stand out firmly for Allāh as just witnesses and do not let the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice.  Be just; that is nearer to righteousness.  And fear Allāh; indeed, Allāh is Well-Acquainted with what you do.  (Qur'ān, 5:8)
 
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) instructed his followers to support their fellow men in the circumstances “when they are the victim of injustice or when they are unjust”.  He further explained that supporting someone when they are unjust is by preventing and stopping them from committing injustice.  This represents giving support to them because their committing injustice will not benefit them, since ultimately they will have to face the judgement of God.

In the following verse God commands establishing justice while giving and taking:
And give full measure and weight in justice.  Allāh does not charge any soul except with that within its capacity.  And when you speak [i.e., testify], be just, even if it concerns a near relative.  And fulfil the covenant of Allāh.  This has He instructed you that you may remember.  (Qur'ān, 6:152)

God has also warned against abandoning this commandment, when He said:
Woe to those who give less than due!
Who, when they take a measure from people, take in full.
But if they give by measure or by weight to others, they cause loss.
Do they not think that they will be resurrected (for reckoning)?
  (Qur'ān, 83:1-4)

The above statement “Allāh does not charge any soul except with that within its capacity” means that whoever strives while pursuing their rights and giving full rights to others, then there is no sin on them if they commit an honest mistake after trying their best and striving to do what is right.




[1] See article: “What is the Name of God?”.