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Is it Logical to Believe in God?

It should be noted that belief in God’s existence is not illogical, as some modern atheists would claim.  Ancient Greek philosophers like Plato and Aristotle rationally concluded that God must exist.  Plato argued from design that there must be a designer. When human beings come across footprints on a beach, they immediately conclude that a human being had walked by there some time previously.  It would be quite illogical to imagine that the waves from the sea settled in the sand and by chance produced a depressions looking exactly like human footprints. 

Consequently, it is not surprising to find that all human societies throughout human history, with very few exceptions, have believed in the existence of God.  It is only in the 20th century that whole societies have been established based on the denial of God’s existence.  Russia and China and states under their control systematically taught atheism in all of their institutions of learning.  However, after the fall of the soviet system and the abandonment of communist economics in China, the resurgence of religion in both countries has been phenomenal.

Anthropologists and psychologists have long held that belief in God was acquired by nurture.  This was a natural result of their Darwinian views, which considered humans essentially animals, and thus the absence of religion among apes indicated that it must be man-made.  In fact Freud proposed that the oedipal-complex was the basis of human belief in God.  Yet, some modern researchers increasingly leaned to the conclusion that belief in God must be natural for it to be so wide-spread.  In 1997 experimental evidence for the inherent belief in God was found.


The Sunday Times, 02/11/1997