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The Three Other Possibilities

Since the belief in God’s existence is logical (see article: Is it Logical to Believe in God?), Allāh has only stated a few verses to address His existence (though there are several verses addressing His attributes). Allāh said:

“Were they created by nothing or did they create themselves? Or did they create the heavens and earth? Rather, they are uncertain.” (Qur'ān, 52:35-6)

Logic and reason is used to convince humans that there must be a Creator. The three other possibilities for human creation are outlined below:

  1. Humans were created from nothing or by nothing. 
    • This proposal violates basic reason. Something cannot come from nothing. Nothing cannot create something.
  2. Humans created themselves. 
    • This is also an illogical and contradictory proposition. To create one's self, one must already exist. But to be created one must first not exist.
  3. Humans were created by something already created. 
    • This implies in infinite regression of causes which ultimately means that humans do not exist. If human existence is preceded by an infinite amount of causes requiring an infinite amount of time to take place, it is the same as saying that they will never take place.  Human existence thus becomes impossible. The Greek philosopher Aristotle argued similarly that the infinite regression of the cause and effect chain was impossible.

The only remaining possibility is that humans and other created things were created by a being which is not itself created.

Design Indicates a Designer

The variety and complexity of the intricate systems which constitute the fabric of both human beings and the world in which they exist indicate that there must have been a Supreme Being who created them. Design indicates a designer. Also, human the instinct cannot naturally conclude that they were brought into existence without a purpose. Since purposeful action is a natural product of human intelligence, humans conclude that the Supreme Intelligent Being who created them must have done so for a specific purpose. Therefore, human beings need to know the purpose for their existence in order to make sense of this life and to do what is ultimately beneficial for them.

Throughout the ages, however, there has been a minority among humans who have denied the existence of God. Matter, in their opinion, is eternal and mankind is merely a chance product of accidental combinations of its elements. Consequently, to them, the question “Why did God create man?” had and still has no answer. According to them, there simply is no purpose to existence. However, the vast majority of humankind over the ages have believed and continue to believe in the existence of a Supreme Being who created this world with a purpose. For them, it was and still is important to know about the Creator and the purpose for which He created human beings.

Many others, as was previously mentioned, claimed and continue to claim that there is no purpose at all. Human existence is merely a product of chance. There can be no purpose if life evolved from inanimate matter which only became animate by pure luck.  Humankind’s supposed ‘cousins’, the monkey and apes are not bothered with questions of existence, so why should human beings be bothered with them? (B. Philips, The Purpose of Creation)

Darwinism Fails

The attempt to explain the origin of life using Darwin’s theory fails from it's very first step.  The initial step of creating the precursors of life from non-living chemicals has not been experimentally replicated.

Stage One: From inorganic to organic – from the gases which presumably surrounded earth to the simplest amino acids, containing about ten atoms, which are the most basic of the biochemical universals. Experimentally, Stanley Miller in the United States showed in 1953 that by passing an electrical discharge through the appropriate gases, surprisingly large amounts of amino acids were formed. The experiments are acknowledged as a major break through in understanding how life got under way.  Since then other essential chemicals have been synthesized.  However, until today, five of the twenty amino acids common to all living beings have resisted human attempts to create them artificially. A Russian biochemist by the name of Aleksandr Oparin[1] (1894-1980) first proposed in 1924 a model of the atmosphere of the primitive earth free of oxygen (oxygen literally eats up any primitive organic chemicals such as amino acids) containing hydrogen, methane, ammonia and water. Life on earth is shielded from certain death due to ultraviolet cosmic rays by the ozone layer, which blankets the earth between fifteen and thirty miles above the surface. Without oxygen in the atmosphere of the primitive there would have been no ozone layer and the first living organisms would have been wiped out by cosmic rays, and with oxygen present, the first amino acid could not have been produced.  Imaginative and elaborate solutions have been written to solve this riddle. But for every suggestion, there is an insurmountable objection.

Stage Two: Assuming that there was (around 4 billion years ago) a sea with a 10% solution of amino acids, sugars, phosphates, and so on, two major steps have to take place simultaneously. Amino acids must link together to form proteins and other chemicals must join up to make nucleic acids, including the vital DNA. Proteins depend on DNA for their formation and DNA cannot form without pre-existing protein. Nor is it relatively easy chemistry. Proteins are highly complex molecules. Where an amino acid typically has ten atoms, a protein may have thousands.

Stage Three: The formation of the nucleus.

Stage Four: The formation of the cell wall.



[1] Oparin’s definitive work was The Origin of Life, 3rd rev. ed. 1957.