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Mary (peace be upon her)

The following information is a summary of what Islām says about the story of Mary (peace be upon her), the mother of Jesus [Eesā] (peace be upon him).  This is interpreted from the Qur'ān, Chapter 3 (titled: The Family of Imrān) and Chapter 19 (titled: Maryam).  

Note: "Mary" is an anglicised name, however Aramaic was the language spoken at her time and place. The Aramaic form of this name is "Mariam" (peace be upon her), which is the same in Arabic.

 
Childhood
 

[Mention, O Muhammad], when the mother of Maryam said, "My Lord, indeed I have pledged to You what is in my womb, consecrated [for Your service], so accept this from me. Indeed, You are the Hearing, the Knowing."
But when she delivered her, she said, "My Lord, I have delivered a female." And God was most knowing of what she delivered, and the male is not like the female. "And I have named her Maryam, and I seek refuge for her in You and for her descendants from Satan, the expelled [from the mercy of God]."

So her Lord accepted her with good acceptance and caused her to grow in a good manner and put her in the care of Zechariah. Every time Zechariah entered upon her in the prayer chamber, he found with her provision. He said, "O Maryam, from where is this [coming] to you?" She said, "It is from God. Indeed, God provides for whom He wills without account."

(Al-Qur'ān, 3:35-37)

 

Distinction Above All Women

 

And [mention] when the angels said, "O Maryam, indeed God has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of the worlds.
O Maryam, be devoutly obedient to your Lord and prostrate and bow with those who bow [in prayer]."

That is from the news of the unseen which I reveal to you, [O Muhammad]. And you were not with them when they cast their lots with their pens as to which of them should be responsible for Maryam. Nor were you with them when they disputed.

(Al-Qur’ān, 3:42-44)

 

Mother of Jesus (peace be upon him)

 

And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book the story of Maryam, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east.
And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. Then I sent to her My Angel [i.e., Gabriel], and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man.

She said, "Indeed, I seek refuge in the Most Merciful from you, so leave me if you should be fearing of God."
He said, "I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you news of a pure boy [i.e., son]."
She said, "How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?"
He said, "Thus it will be; your Lord says, 'It is easy for Me, and I will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Me. And it is a matter already decreed.' "

So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place.
And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said, "Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten."
But he called her, "Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream.
And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates.
So eat and drink and be contented. And if you see from among humanity anyone, say, 'Indeed, I have vowed to the Most Merciful abstention, so I will not speak today to any man.' "

Then she brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, "O Maryam, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented.
O sister [i.e., descendant] of Aaron, your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother unchaste."
So she pointed to him. They said, "How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child?"
'Eesā said, "Indeed, I am the servant of God. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet.
And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakāh (charity) as long as I remain alive
And made me dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant.
And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive."

That is 'Eesā, the son of Maryam – the word of truth about which they are in dispute.
It is not befitting for God to take a son; exalted is He! When He decrees an affair, He only says to it, "Be," and it is.
'Eesā said, "And indeed, God is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. That is a straight path."

Then the factions differed [concerning 'Eesā] from among them, so woe to those who disbelieved – from the scene of a tremendous Day.
How clearly they will hear and see the Day they come to Me, but the wrongdoers today are in clear error.
And warn them, [O Muhammad], of the Day of Regret, when the matter will be concluded; and yet, they are in a state of heedlessness, and they do not believe.
Indeed, it is I who will inherit the earth and whoever is on it, and to Me they will be returned.

(Al-Qur’ān, 19:16-40)





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